Nabataean collection



Support typeArtefact » Slab
Measuresh. 62, w. 87, th. 15
Notes on support and decorationsThis inscription is incised on a slab of stone with a rough surface that had been erected at the rim of the main water source of ʿAin aš-Šallāla.
Although it has been valued as an important inscription for dating the dedication of the temple of Iram, it lacks a part from the wording and the style of characters, monumental features.
It has five lines; the beginning and the end of the first two lines are heavily damaged. The third and the fourth lines are almost complete.


LanguageAramaic » Middle Aramaic » Nabataean
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Date17 Rbʾl
Textual typologyDedicatory text

TEXT - SSAI(b) 1

   1  [... ...] dy b-ʾrm ʿ[l ḥyy Rbʾl mlkʾ mlk Nbṭw]
   2  [dy ʾḥyyw-]šyzb ʿm-h w-ʿlḥyy Gmlt w-[Hgyrw] w-[...] Š[... ʾḥwt-h]
   3  mlkwt Nbṭw w-ʿlḥyy Ḥrtt w-Š[...] bnw-hy w-ʿl ḥyy Ḥldw [...]
   4  [...]rw w-ʿl ḥyy Qšmʾl w-Šʿwdt ʾḥwt-h b-yrḥ ʾyr šnt [17]
   5  l-Rbʾl mlkʾ mlk Nbṭw dy ʾḥyy w-šyzb ʿm-h

2w-Hgrw (Hackl et al.).
417 (Hackl et al.).



   1  [... ...] that is in ʾrm for the life on king Rbʾl, the king of the Nabataeans
   2  who brings life and deliverance to his people and for the life of Gmlat and Hgr and [...] Š[...] his sisters
   3  queens of the Nabataeans, and for the life of Ḥrtt and Š[...] his children, and for the life of Ḥuldu [...]
   4  [...]rw, and for the life of Qšmʾl and Shaʿudat, his sisters. In the month ʾyr of the 17th year of
   5  king Rbʾl, the king of the Nabataeans, who brings life and deliverance to his people


Dijkstra 1995: 68-69Dijkstra, Klaas 1995. Life and Loyalty. A Study in the Socio-Religious Culture of Syria and Mesopotamia in the Graeco-Roman Period Based on Epigraphical Evidence. Leiden, New York, Köln: Brill.
Savignac 1933: 408Savignac, M. Raphael 1933. Le sanctuaire d'Allat à Iram (1). Revue Biblique, 42: 405-422, pl. 24.
Starcky 1966: 979Starcky, Jean 1966. Pétra et la Nabatène. Pages cols 886-1017 in Henri Cazelles and André Feuillet (eds). Dictionnaire de la Bible. Supplément. 7. Paris: Letouzey et Ané.
Hackl et al. 2003: 284-285Hackl, Ursula, Jenni, Hanna and Schneider, Christoph 2003. Quellen zur Geschichte der Nabatäer. Textsammlung mit Übersetzung und Kommentar. (Novum Testamentum et orbis antiquus, 51). Freiburg: Schweiz.